ABOUT MOZAMBIQUE

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LOCATION & LANDSCAPE

Mozambique is a country located on the eastern coast of Southern Africa. It has an area of 801,590 km2. It is bordered by Tanzania to the north, Malawi to the northwest, and Zambia to the west; in the south and southwest, it borders Zimbabwe and South Africa. To the east, the country is bordered by the Indian Ocean. Mozambique has a long coastline of 2700 km - one of the most extensive coastlines in Africa. Moreover, it has an inland coast, near Lake Niassa.

Mozambique is a country with large geographic and geological diversity. In the north, it is characterized by plateaus and mountains, while the south is dominated by a coastal plain. Major rivers flow through the country in the direction of the Indian Ocean: the Zambezi and Limpopo.

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CLIMATE

Mozambique has a humid and tropical climate. The average temperature ranges between 20 ° C and 31 ° C. The rainy season occurs between October and April.

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Mozambique has a population of about 30 million people. The population is young and rapidly growing. Since 1960, the country's population nearly quadrupled. A third of the population is concentrated in cities. Indian and European communities, the latter mostly of Portuguese origin, can be found everywhere in the country.

HISTORY & POPULATION

Mozambique has a history of over 2000 years. The first people to settle in the present territory were the Bantu, who from the tenth century onward formed several states. The empire of Mwenemutapas was one of the main Bantu states.

Because of Mozambique's extensive coastal line, most contacts between the Bantu states and other foreign kingdoms were maritime contacts, such as from the Arabic Peninsula and the Indian subcontinent. The first Portuguese arrived in Mozambique in the sixteenth century.

After the division of Africa by European colonial powers in 1885, Mozambique became a Portuguese colony. About a century later, following an anti-colonial war, Mozambique became independent. The date of independence, June 25, 1975, is celebrated as the country's most important holiday.

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POLITICS & POLICY

Mozambique is a presidential republic. The government is appointed by the President. The current President of Mozambique is Filipe Jacinto Nyusi. The National Assembly (Parliament of Mozambique) consists of 250 members, who are elected every five years. The President is also elected every five years.

ECONOMY

Since the turn of the century, Mozambique's economy has grown rapidly, and offers great potential for investment, particularly in agriculture, mining, tourism, and infrastructure. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for 2011 is estimated at U.S. $ 14.27 billion; GDP growth for 2011 is 7.1%.

Currently, the main sector of the Mozambican economy is agriculture. However, the Mozambique government strongly encourages foreign investment, which has strengthened the sectors of raw materials, tourism, and infrastructure. The Mozambique government also implemented a program to reduce poverty in the country, aimed at creating a sustainable economy. The "boom" of the Mozambican economy lately attracts many immigrants, including from European countries.

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COURTESY VISA

APPLICATION OVERVIEW

A Courtesy Visa is granted to foreigners invited by public Institutions in order to carry out activities of interest to the State.

GENERAL CONDITIONS

Citizens residing in Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg may request entry visas for Mozambique at the Embassy of Mozambique located in Brussels – Belgium. Citizens of different nationalities working in the EU institutions as well as in international organizations based in these countries can also apply for visas at this Embassy.

REQUIREMENTS

Applicants are to gather all documents, as specified in this section, items 1 to 6, ensuring good visibility, and submit them to the embassy. This can be done directly at the embassy or via registered mail.

NON COMPLIANCE

Applicants who have been expelled, forbidden to enter the Republic of Mozambique, or declared "persona non grata" do not comply with the General Conditions for obtaining entry visas.

VISA EXEMPTIONS

Nationals holding passports from the SADC countries do not require visas to enter the Republic of Mozambique. This exemption allows foreign nationals to remain in the country for a period that cannot be extended and cannot exceed 90 days.

SUBMISSION

The Embassy is open to the public every weekday from 9:30 to 13:00, except on Mozambican and Belgian holidays. Please refer to the contact page for more information on these dates.

The Embassy is located at:

Boulevard Saint-Michel 97
1040 Brussels
Belgium

COURTESY VISA

APPLICATION OVERVIEW

A Courtesy Visa is granted to foreigners invited by public Institutions in order to carry out activities of interest to the State.

GENERAL CONDITIONS

Citizens residing in Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg may request entry visas for Mozambique at the Embassy of Mozambique located in Brussels – Belgium. Citizens of different nationalities working in the EU institutions as well as in international organizations based in these countries can also apply for visas at this Embassy.

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

Applicants are to gather all documents, as specified in this section, items 1 to 6, ensuring good visibility, and submit them to the embassy. This can be done directly at the embassy or via registered mail.

APPLICATION SUBMISSION

The Embassy is open to the public every weekday from 9:30 to 13:00, except on Mozambican and Belgian holidays. Please refer to the contact page for more information on these dates.

The Embassy is located at:

Boulevard Saint-Michel 97
1040 Brussels
Belgium