REPUBLIC OF MOZAMBIQUE

THE MOZAMBICAN FLAG

MAP OF MOZAMBIQUE

MAPUTO

 Capital City of Mozambique


FILIPE JACINTO NYUSI

President of Mozambique

ABOUT MOZAMBIQUE

Mozambique is a country located on the eastern coast of Southern Africa. It has an area of 801,590 km2. It is bordered by Tanzania to the north, Malawi to the northwest and Zambia to the west; in the south and southwest it borders with Zimbabwe and South Africa.

To the east, the country is bordered by the Indian Ocean. Mozambique has a long coastline of 2700 km - one of the most extensive coastlines in Africa. Moreover, it has an inland coast, near Lake Niassa.

Mozambique is a country with large geographic and geological diversity. In the north, it is characterized by plateaus and mountains, while the south is dominated by coastal plain. Major rivers flow through the country in the direction of the Indian Ocean: the Zambezi and Limpopo.
The country has a humid and tropical climate. The average temperature ranges between 20 ° C and 31 ° C. The rainy season occurs between October and April. Mozambique has a population of over 20 million inhabitants. About 30% of the population lives in cities. Mozambique consists of 10 provinces; the country's main cities are Maputo, Matola, Beira and Nampula. The infrastructure of the country is in full development and, especially in the areas around the big cities, there is a good road network.

History and population

Mozambique has a history of over 2000 years. The first people to settle in the present territory were the Bantu, who from the tenth century onward formed several states. The empire of Mwenemutapas was one of the principal Bantu states that era. Also from the tenth century onwards, extensive commercial contacts developed between the north coast and central Mozambique, and also with the Arab Peninsula.

Mozambique has an extensive coastline. Therefore, throughout history, most contacts between Mozambique and other countries were maritime contacts. The first Portuguese arrived in Mozambique in the sixteenth century. Another important contact were the merchants from the Indian subcontinent.

After the division of Africa by European colonial powers during the Berlin Conference of 1885, Mozambique became a Portuguese colony. But less than a century later, after an anti-colonial war that lasted 10 years, Mozambique became independent. The date of independence, June 25, 1975, is celebrated every year and is the country's most important holiday.

The civil war from 1976 to 1992 was a dramatic period in the history of the young nation. In 1992, a Peace Agreement was signed in Rome, thus creating the conditions necessary to establish a multiparty system. The first elections were held in 1994. Since then, Mozambique is a peaceful, stable and democratic country.

Population, language and religion
Mozambique has a population of about 24 million people. The population is young and rapidly growing. Since 1960, the country's population nearly quadrupled. A third of the population is concentrated in cities. Indian and European communities, the latter mostly of Portuguese origin, can be found everywhere in the country.

Portuguese is the official language of the country. Besides Portuguese, there are several native languages, spoken by large numbers of the population. These languages are protected by the Constitution, among others: Xichangana, Xirhonga, Xitshwa, Cichopi, Bitonga, Chibalke, Cimanika, Cisena, Chitewe, Cindau, Cinyanja, Echuwabo, Elomwe, Kimwani, Shimakonde, Emakhuwa.

Mozambique is a multi-religious country. About 56% of the population is Christian, 18% are Muslim, 7% have other religions (mostly animism) and about 19%, according to the 2007 census, declared having no religion.

Economy and governance

Since the turn of the century, Mozambique's economy has grown rapidly, and offers great potential for investment, particularly in agriculture, mining, tourism and infrastructure. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for 2015 was $ 14.81 billion and the GDP average growth from 2000 until 2016 was 6.6%.

Currently, the main sector of the Mozambican economy is agriculture. However, the Mozambique government strongly encourages foreign investment, which has strengthened the sectors of raw materials, tourism and infrastructure. The Mozambique government also implemented a program to reduce poverty in the country, aimed at creating a sustainable economy. The "boom" of the Mozambican economy lately attracts many immigrants, including from European countries.

Policy and external relations
Mozambique is a democratic country.  The current President of Mozambique is Filipe Jacinto Nyusi. The National Assembly (Parliament of Mozambique) consists of 250 members, who are elected every five years. The President is also elected every five years.

Mozambique is one of the founding members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), a member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference as well as an observer to the Commonwealth.

Health and Education
One of the big challenges facing Mozambique is in the area of health, particularly in reducing child mortality and combating AIDS. Reducing child mortality is integrated into the Millennium Development Goals of the UN. Through the National Strategic Plan to Combat AIDS, the government of Mozambique is investing significant resources to reduce the incidence of this disease.

The educational system in Mozambique is organized in three main stages: primary education (including international schools in Maputo), secondary education and higher education, and it is available in almost every province. The main university in the country is the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in Maputo, founded in 1962. About 27,000 students attend this university.

Culture

Mozambique’s culture is essentially African, with great predominance of Bantu culture. In urban areas there is a clear Portuguese influence. This influence dates back to the sixteenth century. 

Mozambique is also known for its traditional art. The wooden sculpture and Makonde masks are famous. Other examples are the traditional music and dances of Mozambique, with instruments like the marimba and mbila of the Chope people.

The best-known modern artists from Mozambique are the painter and poet Malangatana Ngwenya and the sculptor Alberto Chissano. Virtually all visitors of Mozambique know the sculptures of Chissano, because his work is exposed in the new terminal at Maputo International Airport.

The cuisine of Mozambique is part of the culture of the country. Its is a tasty fusion of African, Oriental and European influences. The sea is a rich source of food, such as the famous - and gigantic - shrimps, lobsters, grouper, clams and more. The rich soil provides cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, peanuts, mangoes, papayas and coconuts. Curries are widely known in the Mozambique cuisine.

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