Mozambique has an abundance of natural resources: fertile plains that favour agriculture, large rivers - a source of hydroelectric power -, minerals, iron, extensive reserves of natural gas and fossil energy resources such as coal. In addition to these resources, Mozambique

also has 2700 km of coastline and an ocean rich in fish and shellfish.

Agriculture is currently the most important economic activity. The Mozambican territory provides vast lands which are excellent for agriculture, but only a small part is currently used for this purpose. The main agricultural products are cotton, sugar cane, tea, tobacco, sisal, cashew nuts, copra (coconut flesh) and cassava. The extraction of timber in national forests offers another huge economic asset. The production of biofuels has been growing in recent years. The livestock sector is rapidly developing, with currently 1.9 million head of cattle, 193,000 pigs and 122,000 sheep. Finally, the coastal areas, with their vast tropical waters, have witnessed a thriving fishing sector. Tiger prawns is an important export product for Mozambique.

Water resources in Mozambique are vast and virtually untapped. From north to south, the country is crossed by large rivers (the Zambezi being the largest). These rivers represent a great value and potential for agriculture (irrigation), as well as for the supplying of hydroelectric power. The total capacity of this energy source is estimated at 16,000 megawatts.

Mozambique is very rich in minerals. Recently, large reserves of coal have been found, and coal began to be exported in 2012. There are also deposits of graphite, bauxite, gold and gemstones. Another resource of enormous economic importance is the Mozambican natural gas. Mozambique has huge reserves of untapped natural gas.

Probably one of the most valuable natural resource of Mozambique is its abundant flora and fauna. Here you can find a spectacular oceanic coastline, islands with coral reefs, vast plateaus, plains and tropical jungle. Elephants, buffaloes, lions and giraffes can all be observed in the national parks of Mozambique - ideal for the tourist who demands quality and uniqueness. Thanks to its unspoilt nature, (eco) tourism in Mozambique is a sector with enormous economic potential.

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